Relative sea-level is complicated. It is measured from some fixed point in the sediment pile, not a fixed point in the earth. So if, for example, global sea-level (eustasy) stays constant but there is local subsidence at a fault, say, then we can say that relative sea-level has increased. Another common cause is isostatic rebound during interglacials, causing a fall in relative sea-level and a seaward regression of the coastline. Because the system didn't build out into the sea by itself, this is sometimes called a forced regression. Here's a nice example of a raised beach formed this way, from Langerstone Point, near Prawle in Devon, UK:
Image: Tony Atkin, licensed under CC-BY-SA-2.0. From Wikimedia Commons.
Two weeks ago I wrote about some of the factors affecting relative sea-level, and the scales on which those processes operate. Before that, I had mentioned my undergraduate fascination with Milankovitch cyclicity and its influence on a range of geological processes. Complexity and interaction were favourite subjects of mine, and I built on this a bit in my graduate studies. To try to visualize some of the connectedness of the controls on sea-level, I drew a geophantasmagram that I still refer to occasionally:
Accommodation refers to the underwater space available for sediment deposition; it is closely related to relative sea-level. The end of the story, at least as far as gross stratigraphy is concerned, is the development of stratigraphic package, like a shelf-edge delta or a submarine fan. Systems tracts is just a jargon term for these packages when they are explicitly related to changes in relative sea-level.
I am drawn to making diagrams like this; I like mind-maps and other network-like graphs. They help me think about complex systems. But I'm not sure they always help anyone other than the creator; I know I find others' efforts harder to read than my own. But if you have suggestions or improvements to offer, I'd love to hear from you.